Tag Archive | "rose gardens"

Choosing Roses for Your Garden


There are thousands of varieties and colors of roses in the world. Choosing the right varieties for you can seem impossible! How can you possibly choose from all of those thousands of types? It can be overwhelming at first.

There are large shrub roses that can be covered in dozens of large, beautiful blooms. These are great even when the blooms fade, because they provide a stunning backdrop of rich green. The foliage itself is pretty enough to be enjoyable, even when there are no blooms.

Hybrid tea roses are delicate, classy, and visually stunning. They provide full blossoms that are perfect for cutting and placing in vases. If you want amazing cut roses, hybrid tea roses are a great choice.

If you want to make a visually striking statement outdoors, you might consider climbing roses. They can be trained over arbors, around doorways, and over walkways. They can climb trellises beside walls, and they can be trained over fences. Climbing roses are perfect for creating a romantic garden.

If you don’t have a lot of space, you can choose petite roses. They grow on very compact plants, and can be neatly tucked away into small corners. They can also be grown in containers, so you can even grow them if you have only a patio for growing plants.

You can purchase your roses in one of three ways. You can purchase them in pots, wrapped inside a plastic bag, or bare root. It doesn’t really matter which way you purchase your roses, but it’s probably preferable to avoid those grown in containers, because they can end up having their roots grow into a very tight clump that can be damaged when you transplant the rose.

Bare root roses are kept dormant and are stored without soil. Their roots are kept damp by using some wet sawdust, paper, or burlap. Bare root plants are generally planted in early spring, and they tend to adjust well to their new location.

Potted plants often don’t adjust quite as quickly. Most plant catalogs and online sources ship bare root roses, so you should be able to find the varieties you want in this format. Bare root roses are also often cheaper than potted roses.

No matter what, don’t automatically buy the cheapest type of roses you can get. Healthy roses are an important investment. If you buy low quality roses, it will probably come back to haunt you later.

It would be a major waste of money to buy roses and plant them, only to have them die a few weeks later. It’s better to spend a little extra up front and have a better chance of having roses that survive and thrive.

When purchasing your roses locally, be sure to pick a plant that has at least three strong stems (or canes). You should be sure to look carefully for any potential signs of disease or pest infestation, and don’t buy any plants that have signs of damage.

Be sure there are no brown spots or wilted leaves. Also be sure to look for white roots rather than dull brown or ivory roots. White roots are a sign of good health. Any buds should be fat and bright.

Also, be sure to keep color scheming in mind when you purchase roses. You should purchase roses in colors that go well together. You don’t want to choose colors that clash, because it will make your garden look cheap and less aesthetically pleasing.

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The Perfect Soil for Roses

Roses can be fickle and sensitive plants. Although they’re generally not that hard to grow, they do often show the signs of problems quickly. Roses often struggle with nutrient deficiencies, so it’s important to keep the soil in the best possible condition.
One of the most important steps you can take to ensure the highest quality soil for your roses is to add quality organic material to the soil. You can add backyard or manure composts to the soil, and then use rich, organic mulch over the top of the soil. The more organic material you add to the soil, the better your roses will probably do.
In addition to providing nutrients and minerals to your roses, a soil that is rich in organic material will also help keep the biologic system in the soil healthy, which may help prevent diseases. Beneficial microorganisms need the organic matter to feed upon.
These microorganisms are important for healthy roses, because they can help crowd out pathogens through a process known as “competitive exclusion.” In this process, the beneficial microorganisms proliferate far more than the bad ones, or sometimes even eat them!
It also helps keep the moisture level in the soil balanced, and helps the roses absorb more of the water the soil receives. Keeping a good moisture level is very important for roses. They should never be over-watered, but they can’t be allowed to dry out, either. Organic material acts sort of like a sponge. It soaks up water and holds it until it is needed by the plants.
Organic material also helps attract earthworms, which gardeners love. Earthworm help aerate the soil, keeping oxygen flowing through it and keeping the biological process moving properly. Their dung is a potent natural fertilizer, so having them in your garden is like having a constant source of free fertilizer!
Having a soil rich in organic matter will make your job much easier. You’ll have to water far less often, and you won’t have to fertilize very often if the soil is rich in organic material that attracts earthworms. Your roses will grow bigger and stronger, and they won’t have as many problems with pests and diseases.
If you don’t have a good source of organic material, you can buy bags of organic compost at most garden centers. You can also buy yard waste in many communities. Some communities collect this yard waste and compost it, then make it available to their citizens. This material is often very inexpensive.
You should also check your soil to be sure it has the proper pH balance. Roses need a pH range of around 5.5 to 7.0. You should do a soil test before planting your roses to see if your soil is acidic or alkaline. Then you can make corrections if necessary.

Roses prefer a rich, loamy soil that drains well. You should add things such as leaf mold, peat moss, fine potting bark, or organic compost to all soils, especially if the soil is particularly sandy or full of clay. This will help the soil drain better, and will hold in just the right amount of moisture for healthy roses.

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