Tag Archive | "water garden"

Planting Your Water Garden


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Water gardening requires proper planting conditions, just like any other kind of gardening. You need to be sure to have the correct soil, a good location, and quality plants. But there are special considerations for water gardens that are different from traditional types of gardens.

You’ll have to deal with considerations such as the depth of the water, the temperature of the water, and how to keep your plants and animals safe during the winter. Most aquatic plants seem to do better in a heavy, loamy, clay-based soil.

You can’t use standard potting mixes, because they are far too light, and they won’t hold on to nutrients for very long. The soil you plant your aquatics in should be damp. You’ll fill your container about 2/3 full of the soil.

Water lilies should have their rhizomes placed so the growing tip is pointed to the center at a bit of an angle. The growing tip usually has eyes, a bit like a potato. This way, it can grow across the center of the container.

After you have the rhizome place properly, you’ll cover it with soil so the tip is just slightly above the soil level. The exception is tropical water lilies, which are planted in the center of the container.

Lotuses are also planted in the center, but their rhizomes are very delicate and should be handled carefully. Emergent and submerged plants should be potted by putting some soil into a pot, centering the plant in the pot, and covering its roots with more soil.

Once they’ve been potted, you need to cover the soil with about ½ inch of small gravel. This helps keep the soil from clouding the water and also from eroding away. Once you’ve properly potted your plants, they should be submerged to the correct depth.

You can place bricks underneath containers to help bring them to the correct depth. Check the planting instructions for each plant to see what level the plants should be submerged to. Water lilies generally grow best at a depth of about 12 to 18 inches above the top of their container.

The pot could be placed at a shallower depth at first, and lowered later as the plant grows. The more sun the pond gets, the deeper the container can be placed in the water. Tropical water lilies need to be at 12 inches depth if possible, but they can grow in only 6 to 8 inches if they have to.

Lotus plants only need about 4 to 6 inches of water over the top, and emergent plants generally only need a couple of inches of water over them. You can adjust the height of the various plants by placing bricks or inverted pots underneath.

Be careful not to over-fertilize your water garden. This can lead to an algae problem. You can use slow release tablets or some sort of granular fertilizer. Several different types would be acceptable, including 5-10-5, 12-8-8, 10-6-4, and 20-10-5.

You should fertilize every month from spring until August. Tablet fertilizer is generally the easiest to use. You simply have to push the tablets into the soil. Most aquatic plants won’t do very well in cold weather, so they need to be over-wintered.

This means you’ll need to take some precautions to ensure your plants aren’t killed by ice and freezing temperatures. For very shallow ponds, this will mean the plants need to be brought indoors for the winter.

They need to be kept above freezing, but below 50 degrees so they stay dormant. Be sure to keep the roots very moist at all times until spring. You can also remove rhizomes from their containers and store the plants in moist sphagnum moss inside plastic bags. Tropical water lilies must be stored in an aquarium tank with a lot of light at about 68 degrees.

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Rock Garden Ponds and Waterfalls


Just about anyone in the word can build a great rock garden pond and waterfall because it’s really inexpensive to do and doesn’t require very much instruction. Having a pond as a centerpiece to your rock garden will make your landscape stand out.

The important thing to keep in mind here is that for a novice, you will have to contend with a lot of engineering because it really isn’t “simple” to have a pond that doesn’t leak. The first thing you should consider is the land.

Since you’re going for a pond and waterfall, you’re going to need lots of space for it. Find some good level land and clear away all of the debris and vegetation. You also don’t want it to be near drain pipes or rain run-off so that you keep your pond safe from contaminates.

If you build your pond too close to trees, you’ll have to continuously take dead leaves and other tree matter. Putting your pond in a place where it will get a lot of direct sunlight will aid in plant growth.

Once you have your land set aside, you’re going to need to decide what kind of pond you’d want. Do you want to have fish or plants in the pond? If you make your pond too small, then it could be or become uninhabitable for your fish and plants.

It’s almost better to have too large a pond that one that is too small. It would be very difficult at best to make enough room for your vegetation. Now that you have decided where you want your pond, you’re going to cordon off the area so you can visualize your project better.

Trace the area you want by driving a stake in the ground, then tying adjacent stakes together with some nylon cord. When you have the entire area cordoned off, dig down about six inches for the first shelf. This is called the coping shelf.

Then dig down twelve more inches and this is your second shelf and about another six inches for the base of the pond. You have these different shelf positions because you’re going to have different fish and plants at each level. A larger pond is going to be more stable and easier to keep without worrying about your plants and fish dying off.

After you’ve dug your hole, fill it with soft sand and pack it down really tightly. You want about a one half inch thickness with the soft sand. Going to a home improvement store or a pond supply store would probably be the best bet to find materials for your pond at this point.

You’ll need a pond liner, and you can usually determine your pond liner’s size by taking the largest length and width, then calculating the depth and twice what you dug. This will ensure you have the size of pond liner you’ll need.

After removing your shoes, take the liner you bought and lay it on the bottom, then work it into the shelves you made. Be careful to follow the contours of the pond. After you have lined the entire pond, then it’s time to fill it.

The waterfall is usually bought as a kit. You’ll want to decide the best way to integrate the waterfall into the pond. Most of the shops where you buy the waterfall will have books on how to do this type of integration.

Along the border of your pond, pile small rocks and stones along the outside of it and on some of the other shelves. This is to trap the liner so it doesn’t get unattached and ruin your little pond. Now you can add plants and fish to add to the attractiveness of your pond.

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Create a Backyard Oasis with a Water Garden


Are you looking for something to add a little spice to your already blooming garden? Why not make that beautiful garden into a backyard oasis? Add a simple, yet elegant water garden to create an exotic feel and make your friends and neighbors envy you.

A water garden isn’t that hard to set up as long as you follow some simple steps.
The first thing you’ll need to do is figure out where to place the water garden. The best placement should be close to your home, so it can be easily viewed, but not too close to trees or anything that would cause too much debris to fall into the pond.

A pond would look nice framed with trees, but you would constantly be cleaning it out from fallen leaves and dirt, so try to keep it at a fair distance away from any trees on your property.

Once you’ve decided how big the water garden will be and what shape it will be, you should then start digging to the proper level based on the size of the water garden. Place your pond underlayment that you’ve cut to the right shape.

The thick pond liner will go on top of the underlayment. Make sure everything fits snuggly. Then install all of the components to the waterfall feature following the directions of the kit.

All the hardware and the excess pond underlayment will then need to be hidden, so place the pebbles and stones around the water garden so the equipment isn’t seen. You can now fill the pond with water and add any nutrients or substance to take care of any chlorine in the water.

Make sure all of the components work. By now, the water should be recycling around and streaming down your waterfall feature. When you’re sure everything is working properly, its then time to add the aquatic plants.

Make sure you add the anarcharis water plants because they’ll take care of any nutrients that would otherwise keep algae thriving. Water lilies are a popular aquatic plant to use because they help give the illusion of a natural made pond.

Your water pond is ready for your enjoyment. If you want to create a real oasis for your water garden, consider adding some goldfish to the pond. Add only a few at a time to ensure their survival.

Add a few plants near the edge of the pond to help it blend in with the rest of your backyard oasis. Once it’s all in place, you’ll need to take care of it to keep it going for many years to come.

There are many guides and books to browse through that will go into detail on the best ways to set up your own water garden. They show how to get the different sizes and shapes of ponds to allow for the water to properly flow. Check them out and plan for your own water garden to spice up your backyard oasis today.

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